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Just got back from an SOSCubaNYC March. I had the bullhorn for a few minutes to tell my story and why I'm there to support. So many amazing Cubans marching as one. We walked from Times Square to Union

Message from Hamlet         

Yep it does - replace blockade with embargo and you get the drift ... 🙂 The Blockade does not prohibit fishermen in Cuba from fishing, the dictatorship does; 🇨🇺-The blockade does not confis

On 7/18/2021 at 11:28 PM, Ryan said:

Governments also, importantly, control communications. There was a time when armed revolutions would start (after getting some weapons) by taking ports, train stations, telegraph offices and General post offices. Later they started with radio stations and airports. Now, whoever controls internet access in a country, controls access to information.

 

On 7/19/2021 at 1:57 AM, Jimmy_jack said:

All that internet goes through cables or dishes and is run by servers. Very simple for those in charge to kill data ports and connections. Same way other regimes run off Twitter but leave other connections on. Key strokes.

 

On 7/19/2021 at 9:57 AM, ATGroom said:

Looking at this map, the only internet cables to Cuba are one from Venezuela that lands in Sibony, and another from Jamaica that lands in Santiago. (aside from the two that land in Guantanamo Bay)

If instead of blocking certain sites, they decide to disconnect your area entirely, or even cut off the whole island, they can do that and a VPN won't help you.

 

On 7/19/2021 at 4:45 PM, Jimmy_jack said:

Just to address a couple things. Without US govt permission, nothing from SpaceX or Elon will be on that island. Not through traditional means anyway, it would be illegal. So that is out. 

 

All very complicated stuff - but i came across this article that would make it simpler to get Internet to Cuba if the ash hits the fan next time.

All would depend on the US doing it ...

https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/41639/the-u-s-weighs-deploying-balloons-to-provide-internet-access-to-cuba-during-crackdown

U.S. Weighs Deploying Balloons To Provide Internet Access To Cubans During Crackdown

The Cuban government is making it hard for citizens to communicate with the outside world, limiting internet access and possibly jamming radio bands.

By Brett Tingley July 22, 2021
Internet Balloons Over Cuba

In the aftermath of the Cuban government's response to protests throughout the country, the United States government is weighing what options it has for restoring communication services on the island nation. Internet service is currently suspended throughout Cuba, and some ham radio frequencies are even being jammed in Florida, preventing even rudimentary communications with the island.

In an attempt to remedy the situation and reestablish communication networks in the one-party socialist republic, some officials in the United States government have proposed launching sophisticated high-altitude balloons made by Raven Aerostar over Cuba to provide wireless internet access from above. While the plan sounds good on paper, there are some doubts about how well it could work.message-editor%2F1626903429116-ravenaero
Raven Aerostar via YouTube

Concept art from a Raven Aerostar promotional video demonstrating how only a few balloons can establish a wide-area communications network.

 
 

The protests in Cuba began earlier this month in response to widespread shortages of food and other vital resources like medical treatment. According to some observers, many protestors feel the Cuban government has been investing too heavily in tourism while overtaxing the general population and catering to foreign investment rather than shoring up the national economy.

Cuba hasn't seen widespread public protests in over 60 years, except for the occasional state-organized protest, as defiance of this nature is illegal in Cuba. Some protestors are now facing up to 20 years in prison for their participation. The Cuban government, meanwhile, has blamed the protests on American-sponsored counterrevolutionaries.

 
message-editor%2F1626974230023-cubainter
AP/Eliana Aponte

Protesters in Havana on July 11, 2021

Images of protesters being beaten or detained by police painted a grisly picture of the Cuban government's response to the protests, but definitive information about what is happening in Cuba can be difficult to come by due to the fact that communication with the island is so limited. The Cuban government has even been accused of sharing fake news immediately after reports of the protests began to spread.

According to a 2017 white paper published by the non-profit Freedom House, Cuba has "the most repressive media environment" and "the most restrictive laws on freedom of expression and the press" in the Americas. Freedom House notes that while there are a growing number of independent news outlets on the island, the Cuban government heavily restricts the information coming into and out of the country:

 

Government publications come out irregularly, and their reports often lack details considered to be “sensitive.” Journalists must receive authorization from the relevant government department to gain access to press conferences and other information; independent reporters are typically denied this access.

The Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) censors official media through its Ideology Department, formerly known as the Department of Revolutionary Orientation. Editors and reporters are responsible for adhering to the department’s “thematic plan,” which details which topics to cover and how to cover them. Some independent journalists who favor the government stay within the guidelines, while some critics try to dance around them and others disregard them and risk the consequences.

 

Internet service, meanwhile, is reportedly expensive and relatively new in Cuba, at least among the broader public. While the Associated Press claims that more than half of Cubans today have internet access, the Cuban government owns the domestic telecom service and heavily restricts and censors what Cuban people can access. 

 
message-editor%2F1626985003338-cubanprot
AP/Ramon Espinosa

A protestor being detained in Havana on July 11, 2021.

In response to the Cuban government restricting internet access in the wake of the protests, some members of the U.S. government are considering using high-altitude balloons in order to provide Cuban residents with some form of internet service. Senator Marco Rubio of Florida recently called on President Joe Biden to "immediately authorize and allocate funding to provide emergency connectivity to the internet for Cuba through balloon-supplied internet coverage."

 

According to Politico, FCC Commissioner Brendan Carr stated that high-altitude balloons made by Raven Aerostar are a “proven technology” that could be deployed just 20 miles north of Cuba in international waters, 70 miles south of Key West. Carr mentioned two other cases in which Raven balloons have been used to operationally provide internet service, one in remote areas of Kenya, and another in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria in 2017. 

 
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AP/Wilfredo Lee

Brendan Carr, center, commissioner of the Federal Communications Commission, speaks during a news conference at the offices of Rep. Maria Elvira Salazar, R-Fla., alongside Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis, left, and Marcell Felipe, right, founder of the Inspire America Foundation.

Raven previously worked with Google’s parent company Alphabet on the Loon project, manufacturing the balloons used in Loon’s tests of technologies to provide high-speed internet to rural or diaster-stricken areas. That effort shut down in January, but Raven Aerostar is still making the high-tech balloons for a number of different applications. Earlier this year, Raven's balloons appeared off both U.S. coasts, sometimes hovering in the same general area, even against the prevailing winds, for extended periods of time by varying their altitude in order to leverage variations in wind patterns. According to some estimates, the balloons are able to stay on station for up to 30 days. 

The Department of Defense has been a major partner in some of Raven Aerostar's endeavors. Naval Sea Systems Command awarded the balloon manufacturers a five-year contract in 2020 to develop unmanned systems, and Raven engineers were previously awarded by the Naval Air Warfare Center for their work in high-altitude surveillance platforms in Afghanistan. U.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM) sponsored the development of similar Raven Aerostar platforms for use in anti-narcotics operations and disaster relief which were tested over the American midwest. 

 
message-editor%2F1626903379613-raventhun
Raven Aerostar

A Raven Thunderhead balloon.

In addition to serving as communication nodes as has been suggested in Cuba, the balloons can also carry a wide variety of advanced radar sensors, electronic intelligence systems, electronic warfare packages, optical payloads, and much more. Multiple Raven balloons can set up advanced networking capabilities among themselves, and can stay at high altitudes out of the range of many anti-air systems. While some of these capabilities can be offered by satellites, balloon launches are exponentially cheaper and can be performed much more rapidly. They also have far better persistence than many satellites, especially those in low earth orbit. You can read all about these revolutionary balloon systems and their applications in this prior feature of ours

 

This current case in Cuba is different than previous deployments of Raven balloons to provide internet services, however, as it would be in direct response to a foreign government’s actions against its own people. “The first move that brutal dictators make around the world is to shut down the internet to block messaging apps, because the thing that communist dictators like least is the bright light of international attention, the world's eyes, seeing what is going on inside their regime,” FCC commissioner Carr said at a press conference with Florida Governor Ron DeSantis and U.S. Representatives María Elvira Salazar and Carlos Giménez. Salazar added that “We're not talking about Netflix-quality video; we're talking about just the ability to lift the videos that show how they're being beaten on the streets.”

 

Meanwhile, an unnamed Biden administration official told The Washington Post that the White House “will be actively collaborating with the private sector to identify creative ways to ensure that the Cuban people have access to the free flow of information on the Internet,” but did not elaborate further. Telecom experts told the outlet that providing a network without a license to operate in Cuba would be in violation of international law. 

Despite the fact that the FCC commissioner feels the idea of sending balloons to reestablish some form of internet services in Cuba is sound, some have cast doubts on the efficacy of such a plan. One Internet services consultant told the Washington Post that the idea was a "Hollywood scenario." Speaking to the Associated Press, satellite communications consultant Tim Farrar says such a network of balloons would be insufficient to provide the entire island nation with internet coverage. In addition, any wireless internet service the balloons provide would need a sufficiently large unused section of the radio frequency spectrum, and would ultimately be prone to jamming efforts by the Cuban government. 

There have already been reports that the Cuban government is actively jamming ham radio frequencies used to communicate with operators in Florida. Amateur radio operator and Cuban exile Alex Valladares posted a video to YouTube demonstrating what he claims is "malicious interference" on a wide band of radio frequencies. 

 

In addition, several amateur radio operators told IEEE Spectrum that they believe a "coordinated jamming effort" is underway. Meanwhile, the American Radio Relay League, which calls itself the "national association for Amateur Radio," said that "there’s no proven connection between the jamming and the protests, as evidence has been circumstantial." Nevertheless, The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) gave a statement to Motherboard stating it is “assessing these reports in conjunction with our field agents and communicating with the Department of State as this issue develops.” Cuba reportedly has a long history with jamming radio frequencies in Florida. If these reports are true, it would seem the Cuban government is attempting to restrict even the most basic forms of communication from the island.

 
message-editor%2F1626974354392-cubaprote
 

.

AP/Eliana Aponte

Special forces police parked outside of the National Capitol building in Havana, Cuba, Wednesday, July 14, 2021.

While the debate over whether the United States will send Raven Aerostar balloons near the island nation is still ongoing, these balloons could end up being the right technology available at the right time to provide a way around information suppression by dictatorships during a major crackdown or crisis. If they are put to use over Cuba, at the very least it could serve as a test as to their utility and it could offer a better understanding as to how to employ them under similar circumstances in the future. 

Contact the author: [email protected]

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RE: SpaceX.......I wonder if these could be smuggled in/dropped? I would think would be easy to hide on the ground with shrubs around? That said I have no idea if any sats are in place to actually provide service? I have not paid enough attention to know if sats are only in certain areas 

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Might just be a coincidence ... but 3 in a week is ... above average.

Cuban General Rubén Martínez Puente dies

Martínez Puente is the third FAR general to die in the last seven days.

DDC Havana 25 Jul 2021

https://diariodecuba.com/cuba/1627182316_32913.html

An official note from the Ministry of the Armed Forces (MINFAR) published by Radio Reloj on the night of July 24 announces the death of Rubén Martínez Puente, Major General of the Reserve.

Martínez Puente was a combatant in the Rebel Army, in the Second Eastern Front Frank País, under the orders of Raúl Castro. And after the revolutionary triumph, he was a combat aviation pilot, head of the San Antonio de los Baños Air Brigade, substitute for the FAR minister, head of Air Defense and Revolutionary Force, and director of the Military Agricultural Union, among other positions. .

Member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) and deputy to the National Assembly of People's Power, he fulfilled an "internationalist mission" in Angola and was decorated on several occasions.

His corpse will be cremated and his ashes will be exposed for the family tribute on a date that will be reported in due course, as announced by the official note, which does not offer date of death or cause of death.

Martínez Puente is the third FAR general to die in the last seven days. On June 18, the death of the head of the Cuban Eastern Army, General Agustín Peña, was announced. And two days later, on July 20, the death of Reserve Brigadier General Marcelo Verdecia Perdomo was announced.

 

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1 hour ago, BellevilleMXZ said:

RE: SpaceX.......I wonder if these could be smuggled in/dropped? I would think would be easy to hide on the ground with shrubs around? That said I have no idea if any sats are in place to actually provide service? I have not paid enough attention to know if sats are only in certain areas 

SpaceX isn't in the Internet Business. Starlink is. SpaceX is actually launching a satellite for my company (a direct competitor to Starlink) on a Falcon Heavy next year. 

Their system is still in very early beta testing and is drastically underperforming. First they needed about 2500 satellites for full globe coverage, then it was 5,000 to 6,000, now they're submitting applications for "up to" 15,000 satellites. To provide the same amount of coverage to the same number of people for the same price. You do the math. 

Ignoring the big shiny distraction in the room, Yes, you could theoretically smuggle user terminals from any number of well established satellite internet providers into the country. Multiple companies have satellites that cover Cuba Today, the Caribbean Cruise Market is HUGE business. Many companies provide user terminals similar in size and design to a "Dish Network" dish you use all over the place. A dish about 18" or .5m in diameter and a modem the size of a large book. Especially with 4-10 hours of rolling black outs each day. 

Physically setting it up, finding the satellite, and completing the software setup process takes about 3 hours for a trained tech. Breaking it back down, hiding it, then going through the entire process over again would be very time consuming. Not really feasible for regular communications. 

Lets say you find a safe spot to set it up "permanently." Cuba isn't the US or China, but they do have plenty of SigInt technology from the Soviets. Weather they find you outright or not, they are almost certainly capable of jamming across most of the radio spectrum. 

Now the real problem. The consequences. The 5-20 year sentences we're hearing for protestors is nothing. Importing this kind of equipment into the country is expressly prohibited, Jail time is threatened to Tourists. They would make an example of any one caught doing this, especially a Cuban Citizen. Espionage, threats against the state, etc. etc. That individual most likely wouldn't see the light of day until they die or the regime is overthrown. 

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1 hour ago, Nino said:

Might just be a coincidence ... but 3 in a week is ... above average.

Cuban General Rubén Martínez Puente dies

Martínez Puente is the third FAR general to die in the last seven days.

DDC Havana 25 Jul 2021

https://diariodecuba.com/cuba/1627182316_32913.html

An official note from the Ministry of the Armed Forces (MINFAR) published by Radio Reloj on the night of July 24 announces the death of Rubén Martínez Puente, Major General of the Reserve.

Martínez Puente was a combatant in the Rebel Army, in the Second Eastern Front Frank País, under the orders of Raúl Castro. And after the revolutionary triumph, he was a combat aviation pilot, head of the San Antonio de los Baños Air Brigade, substitute for the FAR minister, head of Air Defense and Revolutionary Force, and director of the Military Agricultural Union, among other positions. .

Member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) and deputy to the National Assembly of People's Power, he fulfilled an "internationalist mission" in Angola and was decorated on several occasions.

His corpse will be cremated and his ashes will be exposed for the family tribute on a date that will be reported in due course, as announced by the official note, which does not offer date of death or cause of death.

Martínez Puente is the third FAR general to die in the last seven days. On June 18, the death of the head of the Cuban Eastern Army, General Agustín Peña, was announced. And two days later, on July 20, the death of Reserve Brigadier General Marcelo Verdecia Perdomo was announced.

 

Very Interesting. That would be QUITE the coincidence. 

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1 hour ago, Corylax18 said:

Very Interesting. That would be QUITE the coincidence. 

Well, many of them are getting old...:wink2:

It always seemed to me that a military leader's best chance of survival in Cuba or North Korea is to stage a coup. It's remarkable to me that it never happens, especially in N Korea where Kim will kill you because your tie isn't straight. Your not safe even if you're actually trying to please the regime. 

And once it's apparent they're offing your superiors one after another you'd think the next up would be mighty concerned about his health unless they have no qualms whatsoever about doing anything and everything the regime wants which could get very messy. I think it's safe to say these last three generals did have some qualms about that.

Personally, I'd go down swinging. Maybe I'd at least become a martyr or symbol for a future victory. 

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On a non political front... saw this video of a farmer from PdR saying that crops have not been picked up due to lack of fuel for transport. Leaf that was picked back in May has yet to be bought/picked up by the govt. That impacts them because of it spoils there's nothing they can do to recover the leaf or any monies they would have been paid. 

https://www.instagram.com/p/CRwzrYcJKsi/?utm_medium=copy_link

He's speaking in Spanish, obviously, but the gist of it is... some leaf could be lost due to the "circumstances" and the mishandling due to lack of fuel. 

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1 hour ago, NSXCIGAR said:

Well, many of them are getting old...:wink2:

It always seemed to me that a military leader's best chance of survival in Cuba or North Korea is to stage a coup. It's remarkable to me that it never happens, especially in N Korea where Kim will kill you because your tie isn't straight. Your not safe even if you're actually trying to please the regime. 

And once it's apparent they're offing your superiors one after another you'd think the next up would be mighty concerned about his health unless they have no qualms whatsoever about doing anything and everything the regime wants which could get very messy. I think it's safe to say these last three generals did have some qualms about that.

Personally, I'd go down swinging. Maybe I'd at least become a martyr or symbol for a future victory. 

Personally I’m with you. But unfortunately for most people, self preservation overrides any sense of duty and honor. That and their families. For me,  my family believes in my first statement. I would not be standing ( read that as fighting) alone.

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2 hours ago, Nevrknow said:

Personally I’m with you. But unfortunately for most people, self preservation overrides any sense of duty and honor. That and their families. For me,  my family believes in my first statement. I would not be standing ( read that as fighting) alone.

That's my point. If self-preservation is the goal the coup makes the most sense. You have to know upon assuming that position whether you're going to do whatever is asked. If there's any chance you might be "removed" a coup is your only chance at survival. 

In N Korea the chances of surviving being a top general are already pretty low. If you're probably going to be executed anyway why not go down swinging?

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Maybe they were planning something or didn't agree how the protests were handled . A fracture in the military ? Three found out and offed ? That would put the kibosh to it. Right out of the dictators handbook .

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4 hours ago, helix said:

Maybe they were planning something or didn't agree how the protests were handled . A fracture in the military ? Three found out and offed ? That would put the kibosh to it. Right out of the dictators handbook .

Pretty sure theyd imprison or kill the family too. Thats the thing about these kinds of regimes. An individual, say a general, that wanted to do something could make the decision "If I die so be it". However, knowing that all of your loved ones might be rounded up, imprisoned or executed...that would be enough to stop 99 out of 100 people. 

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Four dead generals in a week .... looks like a bad week to be a general in Cuba.

Cuban Reserve General Manuel Lastres Pacheco dies, fourth in a week

With him there are three generals of the Reserve, plus another of such high rank, who died since last July 18.

DDC Havana 26 Jul 2021 - 20:47 CEST

https://diariodecuba.com/cuba/1627325256_32950.html

The Cuban Ministry of the Revolutionary Armed Forces (MINFAR) reported the death in Cuba of Reserve General Manuel Eduardo Lastres Pacheco, the fourth high-ranking officer to die in just over a week.

According to a note read live in the "Noticiero del Mediodía" of Cuban Television, the deceased, a native of Yara, in Granma, joined Fidel Castro's guerrilla in 1957 and was under the orders of Ernesto "Che" Guevara 

After 1959 he was a battalion leader in the so-called fight against bandits, a brigade leader, an infantry division and the Territorial Troops Militias (MTT), and was also in command of Cuban troops in Angola.

The note did not provide details of the military's age or the causes of his death. It limited himself to announcing that "his body was cremated and his ashes will be exhibited for family tribute on a date that will be announced in due course."

Just on Saturday, the MINFAR reported the death of Rubén Martínez Puente, also a major general of the Reserve. Previously, on July 18, the death of the head of the Eastern Army, General Agustín Peña, was announced. And two days later, on July 20, the death of Reserve Brigadier General Marcelo Verdecia Perdomo was announced.

 

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33 minutes ago, Nino said:

Four dead generals in a week .... looks like a bad week to be a general in Cuba.

 

Diaz is following the despot post upheaval rulebook to a "T". 

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Cuban generals right now are like Tommy getting made in Goodfellas. When Jimmy calls up... he's gone. Whaddaya mean he's gone? He's gone, and there's nothing we could do about it.

These guys have to know they're gonna get it. It doesn't matter how "loyal" they've been. They're considered a liability at this point in time. 

 

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Purging the military and party leadership is standard operating procedure when a new sheriff is in town. Unfortunately it seems like Diaz is ready to commit to the program.

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More stupidity from the Cuban regime - the US is to blame for every- and anything, even Molotov cocktails in Paris ... God, let's rain some brain over the island :

The Cuban government says its embassy in Paris suffered an 'attack with three Molotov cocktails'

Bruno Rodríguez "holds the US responsible" and describes the event as "terrorism."

https://diariodecuba.com/cuba/1627374064_32958.html

The Government of Cuba on Monday denounced an alleged "terrorist attack" with three Molotov cocktails against the Havana embassy in Paris. For their part, the French firefighters informed the AFP agency of two incendiary devices thrown at the diplomatic headquarters.

Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez described the incident as a "terrorist attack with Molotov cocktails". "I hold the United States Government responsible for its continuous campaigns against our country that encourage these behaviors and for calls for violence, with impunity, from its territory," he wrote on Twitter.

 

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28 minutes ago, Cigar Surgeon said:

The general body count is up to 5:

https://www.cubanet.org/destacados/muere-el-general-armando-choy-rodriguez-el-quinto-en-menos-de-10-dias/

General Armando Choy Rodríguez dies, the fifth in less than 10 days

Wow - and I just checked the news a few hours ago with no new "General death" announcement ...

Now, this is NO coincidence, even if the guys are old. Something "un-natural" is happening.

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Adding some context to @Cigar Surgeon news of the fifth General who's "died".

https://diariodecuba.com/cuba/1627401131_32972.html

Choy Rodríguez is the fifth general of the Armed Forces to die on the island after the July 11 protests.

At the moment the Cuban authorities have not reported on the cause of death of any of them, which has generated numerous rumors.

On July 17, a week after the start of the anti-government protests on the island, the state news agency Prensa Latina reported on the death of the head of Cuba's Eastern Army, General Agustín Peña. Three days later, on July 20, the death of the Reserve's brigadier general, Marcelo Verdecia Perdomo, who was Fidel Castro's escort in the Sierra Maestra, was reported in the pages of the state newspaper Granma.

On the night of Saturday, July 24, the state radio station Radio Reloj reported on the death of Major General of the Reserve Rubén Martínez Puente, the Cuban military officer accused of ordering the demolition of the "Brothers to the Rescue" plane.

During the morning of Monday, July 26, a note read live in the "Noticiero del Mediodía" reported the death of General Manuel Eduardo Lastres Pacheco from the Reserve. Interestingly, after several rumors about the death of high-ranking officers began to circulate, the Cuban authorities have given this news less relevance, since the last two cases have not appeared in the written press.

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19 minutes ago, Nino said:

Wow - and I just checked the news a few hours ago with no new "General death" announcement ...

Now, this is NO coincidence, even if the guys are old. Something "un-natural" is happening.

Isn't the systemic underreporting of COVID-19 cases more plausible than something "un-natural"? COVID is where I'd put my money if I were a gambling man.

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2 minutes ago, Monocle said:

Isn't the systemic underreporting of COVID-19 cases more plausible than something "un-natural"? COVID is where I'd put my money if I were a gambling man.

You maybe right.

Today's Covid 19 cases in Cuba seems to back up your money :

Considering it is an island of 11m people it is indeed very high - we had 1500 new cases today in Germany, population 83 million ...

Cuba reports 75 deaths from Covid-19 in a day with 7,903 new infections

Ciego de Ávila continues to report the highest number of deaths in the country, with 20 this day.

DDC Havana 27 Jul 2021 - 18:24 CEST

https://diariodecuba.com/cuba/1627403095_32973.html

 

 

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